Diamonds represent a stone of exceptional brilliance, both in regard to character and history. Treasured for their rarity and physical properties such as hardness and clarity, the diamond stands as everlasting symbol of perfection, purity, protection and strength.
Naturally produced by the earth, a diamond forms after billions of years under subterranean conditions of extreme temperatures and tremendous pressure. While all diamonds are composed of the same atomic makeup, no two stones are the same - each possesses a unique character that differentiates one gem from another.
The 4Cs are used to evaluate diamonds and other precious gems and to determine the value of a stone. Carat, color, clarity and cut are carefully assessed by a gemological expert to identify the unique qualities and subsequent worth of a gem.
The size of a diamond is measured by weight, expressed in carats. Carat weight represents the most important criteria in determining the price of a diamond. Stones of greater weight are typically given greater value in consideration of their rarity in nature. While carat weight marks a good starting point for evaluating a diamond, the complex combination of remaining characteristics determines the beauty and quality of a stone.
Color is graded against a standard scale ranging from D to Z. The rarest diamonds are colorless, or white, and awarded a D color. Stones that exhibit more color are graded with the progression of the alphabet through to Z, a grade assigned to diamonds yellow or brown in hue.
The clarity of a diamond is determined by the presence of naturally occurring inclusions and blemishes. Although typically invisible to the naked eye, surface and internal imperfections such as crystals, feathers,clouds and chips impact the value of a stone. Aided by 10X magnification,gemologists carefully consider the size, location, nature and quantity of a stone’s imperfections to determine its quality grade. Diamonds that do not possess any of the aforementioned characteristics are categorized as Flawless (FL) or Internally Flawless (IF) and are given the highest grade. With the greater presence of inclusions, clarity is diminished and in turn, value.
The final C stands for cut, which has the power to either enhance or diminish the beauty of a precious stone. Diamonds are celebrated for fire and brilliance, two attributes dependent on the quality of a gem’s cut. In service to the beauty of a stone is the proportion, symmetry, balance and polish of its cut, which serve as key factors in determining the manner in which light reflects and sparkles throughout the stone.
Natural diamonds are formed over billions of years under the surface of the earth. Lab grown diamonds are synthetically produced by man in a comparatively short engineering process. Both variations of diamonds share the same physical properties, making origin their main differentiator. The rarity and organic beauty of a natural diamond asserts it as a gem.
The art of enamel is a time-honored technique used to creatively introduce color into jewelry. A full gradation of pigments are combined with a base of mineral compound powder and applied to the surface of a jewel’s metal, then fired to produce enamel. Enamel work combines the art forms of painting and jewelry making, resulting in wearable pieces of art.
Various types of precious metals are used to create jewelry. Differences in materiality often dictate durability and visual appearance in regard to color. Examples include gold, gold-plated, platinum, rhodium-plated, and sterling silver.
To preserve the original condition of your jewelry, avoid contact with detergents, lotions and perfumes. To clean, use a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild liquid soap and warm water, ensuring jewelry is rinsed and thoroughly dried with a soft cloth.
Pieces purchased from Squires may be engraved in-store only.
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